Department of Maternal and Child Health Care
The department oversees the maternal and child health care sector in Belarus.
Our key responsibilities:
In line with our responsibilities, we perform the following functions:
Maternal and child health care is the priority of the Ministry of Health.
The measures in the field of maternal and child health care are implemented in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care", the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Child's Rights", the Code of the Republic of Belarus on Marriage and Family and other legislative and regulatory acts.
The following programmes are aimed at improving maternal and child health, reducing morbidity and mortality and providing financial support to maternal and child health care organizations: Presidential programme "Children of Belarus" for 2006-2010, the National Demographic Programme of the Republic of Belarus for 2007-2010, the State Programme on the Prevention of HIV/AIDS for 2006-2010, the Health Care Development Programme for 2006-2010, etc.
The Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Child's Rights" stipulates that every child has an inalienable right to health care and medical assistance.
Under Article 184 of the Code of the Republic of Belarus "On Marriage and Family", children have the right to a decent standard of living and peace and safety.
The standard of living shall be enough to meet their physical, mental and spiritual needs.
When raising children, parents must take care of their health, physical, mental and spiritual development and teach them life and work skills.
All children have the right to health care and free medical assistance provided by the state in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Children are provided by follow-up care by state health care organizations.
According to Article 4 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care", Belarusian citizens have the right to affordable medical care which is provided through:
According the Law of the Republic of Belarus "On State Social Benefits, Rights and Entitlements for Certain Categories of Citizens", children under 18 years included in the State Registry have the right to free prescription medicinal products on the list of essential medicinal products and free materials and equipment for social rehabilitation.
Minor children have the right to a free health resort stay (whether there are any medical indications or not) when approved by the medical consultative panel of a state health care organization.
Minor children living in regions contaminated by radiation have the right to a free health resort stay (whether there are any medical indications or not) or health improvement (if there are no medical indications) for up to one month.
The list of diseases which give the right to free prescription medicinal products on the list of essential medicinal products for in-patients and clinical nutrition was approved by Order of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus No. 1650 d/d November 30, 2007, as amended by Order of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus No. 1390 d/d 23.10.2009. Based on the list, children suffering from tuberculosis, systemic lesions of connective tissue, oncology and haematological diseases, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy and several other severe diseases have the right to free medicinal products. Children and pregnant women suffering from phenylketonuria have the right to free nutritional mixtures.
The Law of the Republic of Belarus "On Health Care" provides pregnant women with follow-up care at state health care organizations, in-patient care during and after childbirth as well as neonatal care and follow-up.
All women have access to prenatal and postnatal care. All health professionals working with pregnant women have proper medical qualifications in the field of prenatal care and childbirth.